The author is a native of the Bronx, Vietnam veteran, and former Intelligence officer. He is a graduate of Iona College, USC, and the Air War College. He has served at least one tour at the larger US intelligence agencies. He is a former senior USAF research fellow at the RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, and former Director of Research and Russian Studies (nee Soviet Awareness), ACS/I, HQ USAF. His work appears in many military, intelligence, and strategic journals.